DESSAU, PAUL

DESSAU, PAUL (1894–1979), German composer. The grandson of a cantor, Dessau was born in Hamburg. He was co-répétiteur in Hamburg (1912) and conducted operetta at the Tivoli Theatre, Bremen (1913). In 1919 he became co-répétiteur and conductor in Cologne. In 1925 he was appointed principal conductor at the Stätlische Oper, Berlin, and won the Schott Prize for his Violin Concertino. He left Germany in 1933 and visited Palestine. In 1939 he settled in New York and wrote a number of film scores (such as Adamah in 1947), but his political convictions led him to return to East Germany in 1948 and he made his home in East Berlin. Dessau composed in several fields. His vocal music, influenced by the concise verse of Bertolt Brecht (whom he met in New York in 1943), embraced almost every genre from political song to cantata and full-length opera. The latter include the operas Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder (1946), Das Verhoer des Lukullus (1951), Puntila (1957–59), Lanzelot (1969), Einstein (1971–73), and Leonce and Lena (1977–78). Dessau wrote also functional music for theater and radio. In 1936, he composed for the synagogue an oratorio, Haggadah, for which max brod supplied the text. His early works were in free tonality; from 1936 he was influenced by the twelve-tone technique of leibowitz . After the rigorous separation of West and East Berlin, he remained one of the few artists allowed to commute between the two Germanys. He became a member of the East Berlin Deutsche Akademie der Künste in 1952 and was appointed professor in 1959. He was honored by both the East and West Berlin academies, he received an honorary doctorate from Leipzig University (1974), and four National Prizes of the German Democratic Republic (1953, 1956, 1965, 1974). Among his works are operas for children, the cantata Requiem for Lumumba (1963), and symphonic and chamber music. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Grove online; MGG; Baker's Biographical Dictionary; F. Hennenberg, Dessau-Brecht Musikalische Arbeiten (1963), with bibl.; idem, Paul Dessau (1965); idem, Für Sie porträtiert: Paul Dessau (1974, 1981); J.J. Gordon, "Paul Dessau and his Opera Einstein," Ph.D. thesis, University College of Wales (1990). (Peter Emanuel Gradenwitz / Israela Stein (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Dessau, Paul — ▪ German composer born Dec. 19, 1894, Hamburg, Ger. died June 28, 1979, East Berlin, E.Ger. [now Berlin, Ger.]       German composer and conductor best known for his operas and other vocal works written in collaboration with Bertolt Brecht… …   Universalium

  • Dessau, Paul — • ДЕ ССАУ (Dessau) Пауль (19.12.1894 29.6.1979)    нем. композитор (ГДР). Чл. Академии иск в ГДР. Чл. СЕПГ с 1948. Учился в Берлинской консерватории. С 1909 работал концертмейстером, дирижёром в Гамбурге, Кёльне, Берлине. Для кино начал писать с… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Dessau, Paul — (1894 1979)    German composer. Born in Hamburg, he began as a violinist, but eventually turned to conducting and composing. He was appointed to a number of posts in German opera houses. During the 1920s he wrote for the cinema. Eventually he… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Dessau (disambiguation) — Dessau may refer to: Places Dessau, a town in Germany, part of Dessau Roßlau Dessau Roßlau, a town in Germany Dessau (Saxony Anhalt), a neighbourhood of Kleinau in Germany Dessau (Bavaria), a hamlet near Burggen in Germany Dessau, Texas, in the… …   Wikipedia

  • DESSAU (P.) — DESSAU PAUL (1894 1979) Compositeur allemand né à Hambourg, Paul Dessau occupe, après la Première Guerre mondiale, divers postes à Hambourg, à Cologne, à Mayence et à Berlin. En 1933, il émigre à Paris puis aux États Unis, et revient après 1945… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul Dessau — Infobox Person name = Paul Dessau image size = caption = birth date = birth date|1894|12|19|df=y birth place = Hamburg, Germany death date = death date and age|1979|6|28|1894|12|19|df=y death place = Königs Wusterhausen, Germany education =… …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Dessau — (um 1955) Paul Dessau (* 19. Dezember 1894 in Hamburg; † 28. Juni 1979 in Königs Wusterhausen bei Berlin) war ein deutscher Komponist und Dirigent. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Klee — Paul Klee, Fotografie von Alexander Eliasberg, 1911 Ernst Paul Klee (* 18. Dezember 1879 in Münchenbuchsee, Schweiz; …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul-Greifzu-Stadion (Dessau-Roßlau) — Paul Greifzu Stadion Luftbild des Stadions Daten Ort Deutschland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Dessau — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Con Ruth Berghaus, Kurt Hager y otros miembros del Berliner Ensemble, 1974 Paul Dessau (*19 de diciembre de 1894 …   Wikipedia Español

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